Real History, Not Taught in Your Fabulous Schools: How Early French Colonizers, RAPED, Native Indigenous women, and many became CREOLES from such tragedy, and how some French colonizers married the native indigenous women. How did the offspring become CREOLES with African features, BECAUSE they were Africans, already here in America. Many French colonizers, after expelled from Nova Scotia, (The Acadians) came to the Louisiana territory and became the Cajuns.) Their inhabiting the area and mixing with the indigenous, brought forth the French Creoles (The Indigneous).
The arrival of French colonists set off a chain reaction of disease and dislocation in Indian communities throughout the Gulf Coast area. American Indigenous people had never been exposed to the diseases Europeans brought with them, and consequently lacked the immunities Europeans had built up over countless generations of exposure. Entire villages were destroyed in epidemics. The Chitimachas of New Orleans were WIPED OUT. (BLACK FOLKS)
The city leaders allowed the slaves to congregate, but outside the city, in an open area just outside the original city, north of Rampart Street. This area became known as the Place des Negres, more commonly as Place Congo. By the time the Americans took control, the city had grown past the Vieux Carre, and this gathering point was called Congo Square. Congo Square was the place where black slaves could once again be Africans, even if for just one afternoon a week. They would bring drums, bells, and other musical instruments to the square and gather, roughly by tribe, to play music, sing, and dance.
What separated New Orleans from the British colonies was the more laid-back attitude of the French and Spanish in terms of treatment of slaves. The Catholics in New Orleans followed the old Code Noir (Black Code), which was a much less harsh overall set of guidelines than what the Protestant British followed. Additionally, the Catholics, even the Spanish, usually did not concern themselves with the “African” aspects of slave life and culture that their slaves kept. The British planters demanded their slaves take up Christianity (and the slaves did so, at least in outward forms), and African-based music, song and dance were not permitted. These trends continued after the American Revolution by the original states. When New Orleans (along with the rest of Louisiana) became part of the U.S., it took time for American ways to merge with the Continental philosophy.
Long ago during slavery, Faubourg Treme was home to the largest community of free black people in the Deep South and a hotbed of political and artistic ferment. Here black and white, free and enslaved, rich and poor co-habitated, collaborated, and clashed to create America’s first civil rights movement and much of what defines New Orleans culture up to the present day. In many ways its story encapsulates the dramatic path of African American history over the centuries. Executive produced by Wynton Marsalis and Stanley Nelson, "Faubourg Treme" is a riveting tale of hope, resistance, and heartbreak. It sheds important new light on both African American history and current issues of racial inequality. This is the true story of the neighborhood that inspired David Simon’s fictional HBO television series “Treme”.
The Les Gens de Couleur Libres of New Orleans
They were there before the French/Spanish occupation of the Louisiana Territory and before the Louisiana Purchase and the 13 Colonies. Once the 13 colonies acquired the Louisiana Territory, by way of the Louisiana Purchase. Upon the entry of the Europeans into the Louisiana Territory, they specifically noticed, on the famed Downtown Canal Street, an obvious disbelief. Such a witnessing like none other. They witnessed, 65% of the businesses were owned by the Gen de Couleur Libres.
The year 2019 marks the 320th anniversary of French Louisiana. In conjunction with FrancoFete, the official celebration of the tricentennial, the fifth annual African Americans in New Orleans exhibit focuses on the free black community of the Crescent City during the years before the Civil War. Largely of French or French Caribbean origin, les gens de couleur libres (the free people of color) formed an important segment of the New Orleans population. Their contributions to the history of the city were considerable and enduring. New Orleans today would be an entirely different place were it not for their presence.
By the mid-1830s free blacks owned $2.5 million in property in New Orleans. They had their own schools, usually operated as small, private institutions in educators' homes. The earliest recorded school was in 1813 operated by G. Dorefeuille, a free man of color. Some of the young men and women were sent to France or schools in northern United States to be educated. At the French opera and theater they had their box seats in the second tier, on Sundays they attended mass at the St. Louis Cathedral, and throughout the week they kept a busy social schedule of balls, parties and meetings of benevolent groups. They acted in the first theater, founded in 1793 by Madame Derosier of St. Domingue, attended traveling circuses, and took an avid interest in the dramatic and musical arts of the city.
The cultural and social life of the free Negroes was relatively rich. Dancing, gambling, drinking, and singing were their major forms of recreation, though they also attended the theater, opera, the races, cock fights, and circuses. They organized more than thirty social and benevolent societies during the antebellum period, and one orphan asylum. The best-known organizations were La Societe Catholique pour l'Instruction des Orphelins dans l'Indigence, the Colored Female Benevolent Society of Louisiana , the Union Bank Society, and the Benevolent Association of the Veterans of 1815.
Learn more about The Gen de Couleur Libres of New Orleans here: http://nutrias.org/~nopl/exhibits/fmc/fmc.htm